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Propolis Information


Bee Propolis
All About Propolis

What does propolis do?

Propolis is a sticky resin that seeps from the buds of some trees and oozes from the bark of other trees, chiefly conifers. Bees gather the components of propolis and carry it home in their pollen baskets. They blend it with wax flakes secreted from special glands on their abdomens to make the final product propolis which beekeepers refer to as bee glue. They do this to protect themselves from disease and kill any bacteria and fungus.

Propolis is used to slickly line the interior of brood cells in preparation for the queen's laying of eggs, a most important procedure. With its antiseptic properties, this propolis lining insures a hospital-clean environment for the rearing of brood.

Chemically speaking, propolis is a very complex mixture. Its chemical elements vary according to its source. Colors range from golden brown to brownish green to reddish brown to blackish brown. A broad analysis reveals approximately 55 percent resinous compounds and balsam, 30 percent beeswax, 10 percent ethereal and aromatic oils, and 5 percent bee pollen. Many flavonols contribute to propolis. Other components include cinnamic acid, cinnamyl alcohol, vanillin, caffeic acid, tetochrysin, isalpinin, pinocembrin, chrysin, galangin, and ferulic acid. Despite knowing the composition of propolis, humans have been unable to make a man made version of propolis.  Propolis contains protein, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, and flavonoids. 


Types of propolis we have:
Due to it's very nature - propolis does not taste very good. Since bees gather it from tree sap - you can imagine the taste!

Raw Propolis

This is propolis that is scrapped directly from the beehives by beekeepers - we sometimes will have raw propolis especially during August as we are removing comb honey from the beehives. Raw propolis by it's very nature is very sticky and hard to handle so many folks prefer to buy propolis in other forms (ie powder, chunk, or tincture). Please email us to find out if we have any available.


Propolis Tincture

Propolis extract or tincture is processed from the highest quality propolis in a whole grain alcohol and extracted into the alcohol. It is highly concentrated (80%) and highly potent. Many folks will purchase this if they do not want to make their tincture. A liquid form is also easy to use in most applications.




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