This propolis extract, tincture is processed from the highest quality propolis in a whole grain alcohol and extracted into the alcohol. It is highly concentrated (80%) and highly potent.
Bee Propolis is gathered by bees from the leaf buds or bark of trees. So far 17 chemical substances in propolis have been described, some of which are: cinnamic acid, vanillin and an aromatic unsaturated acid characterized by antibacterial effects on certain gram-positive and gram-negative micro organisms.
For honey bees, propolis is used as a kind of glue. Honey bees gather propolis from trees and other vegetation. They use it to seal cracks and crevices in the hive to make it less drafty when it is cold. Propolis is sticky when it is warm and it is difficult to deal with when it is hard.
Read more about the different types of propolis.